Rose Care

Are you a rose lover?

Do you appreciate the rose’s unique beauty and color patterns?

But you find them difficult to grow?

All those years you tried several different varieties, black manure, white fertilizer, expensive sprays, local gardener advice, blah-blah, and blah. 

But everything was in vain.

So today Budsnblush is going to unfurl all the secrets of growing these majestic beauties called roses.

Like any other plant rose plant overall health depends on few factors as Plant Variety, sun exposure, humidity, growing media, fertilizer, watering frequency, diseases and pest management, pruning and temperature.

Let’s cover this topic in further detail.

 

Varieties:-

Rose plants are hybridized worldwide for their unique fragrance, color, taste and for other purposes resulting in thousands of hybrids. To understand these plant behavior, it is little important to recognize the type of your rose. 

Here in India, usually few common varieties are more popular like in recent years’ hybrid tea roses are highly appreciated.

They are available in majority of colors and have reputation for longer vase life.



Then knockout roses are also one of brilliant choice if you are looking for easily grown varieties. These varities grow wild and are super easy to maintain. Earlier they were found in only pink red shades in single petal florets.
Then knockout roses are also one of brilliant choice if you are looking for easily grown varieties. These varities grow wild and are super easy to maintain. Earlier they were found in only pink red shades in single petal florets.
But now they are available in more and more colors. Also you can choose double petals hybrid which are relatively dense grower. But these flowers are not suited for vase and preferred more as hedges in gardens.

Climbing roses are also trending these days. They have very long stems which can climb any near wall or support.

Climbing roses also comes in multiple color and shape size. These roses are easy to grow. But they need 3 month of period to start flowering after growing.
Climbing roses also comes in multiple color and shape size. These roses are easy to grow. But they need 3 month of period to start flowering after growing.
  Then comes out all-time favorite desi roses which have most prominent smells. Nowadays you can also find miniature roses in some nurseries. So we will focus our further explanation on 2 broader categories one hybrid roses (including Dutch and tea roses) and miniature roses (including knockout roses and other miniature varieties).

Growing Media:-

Budsnblush use a mix of soil, cocopeat, perlite and leaf mold with equal proportion(1:1:1:1). In case leaf mould is not available then common cow dung manure can also be used. Some claims have been made  that since this plant needs good aeration around roots so it must be grown completely in cinder. But we don’t support such fact as it increases overhead and makes gardening rose an expensive hobby.

Temperature and Humididty:

Roses prefer a temperature range from 22 to 27 degree Celsius in day time and 15 to 20 degrees in the nighttime. So we can say for north Indian regions October to March is the best time for optimum growth of the rose. Also they prefer a humidity range from 60%-70%. In summer we must protect our roses from hot air and keep them in a shaded area near to a water source to cool them down.



Growing Media:-

Budsnblush use a mix of soil, cocopeat, perlite and leaf mold with equal proportion(1:1:1:1). In case leaf mould is not available then common cow dung manure can also be used. Some claims have been made  that since this plant needs good aeration around roots so it must be grown completely in cinder. But we don’t support such fact as it increases overhead and makes gardening rose an expensive hobby.

Sun Exposure:-

Roses are outdoor plants they need a minimum 5 hrs of direct sunlight for optimum growth. However, in India summer sun is too harsh so partial shade is required. But in winter ensure 5 Hrs of direct sun. Also while choosing site make sure Rosebush is not shaded by any other big plant or wall.

Water:-

Rose plant don’t like wet feet means they need a dry period between watering. So the ideal way to know when to water is just to touch top layer of soil if it feels dry then water your rose. But never ever overwater them. Also they don’t like water spray on foliage especially in monsoon season it may result in fungal infection so avoid watering on leaves. So we can say in summer you should water three times a week but in winter water only once a week. And in rainy season water twice a week.




Fertilizer:-

Fertilizers are chosen on the basis of their NPK ratio. What does it mean? N stands for nitrogen, P stands for phosphorus and K stands for potassium. So NPK 10:10:10 means equal part of NPK in 10 ratios. So for our rose we need NPK in ratio 15:15:10 or 15:15:15. Nitrogen helps in leaf growth and phosphorus potassium helps in bud and flower formation. For micronutrients, Budsnblush prefers natural processes your soil with manure has enough micronutrient to support healthy plant growth. We should fertilize plants 4 times a month in the active growing season. In India we should fertilize regularly from August till December then from January End till April Mid.. Never fertilize rose in extreme hot or cold weather.

Reporting:-

You might have noticed rose plants are too sensitive to transplant shock even a small whip on root may send them in stress. So what is the best time to repot your rose? Repotting should be done in late winter around January end as in this period plant is about to come out of dormancy and can be benefitted with fresh nutritional soil. Before repotting make sure to prune your rose to encourage more growth.  After repotting mulch top layer of soil with dry leaves to protect the plant from cold. And do not forget to keep plant in shaded area for 15 days after repotting.

Once you see sign of new growth then gradually introduce it to Sun. Make habit of repotting rose after every 2 year.

Diseases:-

Common diseases on rose are given below.

Black spot

Circular spots appear on leave top it’s a kind of fungal infection. This can be avoided by discarding infected leaves and simply spraying plant with any antifungal solution like saaf or liquid detergent.

Powderly Mildew

Powder like stuff appears on lower leaf and bud tops this can also be cured by antifungal mix

Die Back:-

This occur when fresh cut stems get infection in high humididty usually during monsoon. So avoid pruning in monsoon.

Pruning:-

Prune your rose in early spring never prune in extreme summer or winter or when plant is stressed. So best time to prune is early spring or late winter. Use below tricks while pruning.Each stem’s 1/3rd length should be trimmed.

Always make cut of 45 degree angle to maintain fluid flow.
Prune in evening time.Cut should be made just above 7 leaf leaflet if not available then 5 leaf leaflet.This ensures healthy new stem. Remove any dead lock tip. These tip can be recognized by swollen end with no new growth.And don’t forget to remove side shoots. 

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